A Simply Introduction of Aid

October 21st, 2021

With the loss of Kabul, Taliban became the new government of Afghanistan. As a result, plenty of problems such as starvation, human rights and diseases made the people in Afghanistan much harder to live. If you read the international news every day, you may notice that western countries were talking about the conditions of aid with the Taliban. It sounds like a kind of support. So, what does aid really do? In this article, I will introduce the definition, the details and the problems of aid.

What is the aid?
The aid is a kind of support, which aims to help the poor countries or districts to improve their economy or welfare. Some kinds of aid, like the aid of construction or traffic, are aiming to help with the development of economic activity; the others are trying to solve the urgentest humanitarian problems, and save the people’s life by the support of medicine or food. That is the reason why we can see different kinds of aid for different countries. For example, both Vietnam and Afghanistan have received aid from other countries for a long time, but the aid for Vietnam is more concentrated on the traffic service or tourism development, while majoring in food and securities for Afghanistan. In one sentence: the aid is the support to help people, but the kind of support will be according to the practical situation but not in the same way.

Who provides the aid?
You might guess that most of the aid has been provided by these developed countries. In fact, it is true. The ODA(Official Development Assistance) has continued for more than 70 years to help poor countries with material resources. Normally many developed countries also started their own aid projects to help poorer countries. In the case of Afghanistan, the Japanese government kept paying for the security troops from 2008, which helped the amount of troops increase to 2 times till 2012; it also helped more than 60,000 anti-government former soldiers surrender and start a new life. However, one thing you need to be careful of is that some countries also provide aid to other countries, even though they are still receiving the aid from other countries themselves. Besides, the NGO provides aid, majorly for charity. Interesting is, some terrorism groups also provide aid to the local people where they are hiding. It can be regarded as the pay back for the shelter.

The problems of aid
The aid sounds fantasy but also comes with problems. One of the problems is the resources of money. Some of the projects of aid rely on both taxes and loans. Governments got the money from the taxpayers and banks and then paid the money to poor countries, while they had already known that these countries have no ability to pay the debt. That might be considered as the wasting of taxes by the public. Another question is the return of aid. Two kinds of opinions are against each other. People who think the aid should be free are regarding the return or pay back as the trade, but those who insist that the aid should be paid back are claiming that it can make the aid more efficient and the people who provide the aid become more motivated. To provide the aid to other countries or people, these questions must be considered at first before the payment has been made.

The object and the way to provide the aid needs to be considered. Also, like the collapse of the Afghanistan government, the change made it became impossible for the Japanese government to get the return anymore. So as we mentioned in the context, it is complex to project aid and get the result, especially when it was planned as a long term project.